David Ben-Gurion was one of the founders of the State of Israel and also the first Prime Minister of Israel. He was also one of the prominent leaders of the Jewish community in Mandatory Palestine before the establishment of the State of Israel.
David Ben-Gurion was interested in Zionism from an early age. This passion for Zionism led him to become one of the most prominent Zionist leaders in 1946 and executive director of the World Zionist Organization.
David Ben Gurion Wiki/Biography
David Ben-Gurion was born on October 16, 1886 and on December 1, 1973 he was 87 years old. He was born and raised in a well-educated and well-connected family in Plonsk, in Congress Poland, in the Russian Empire. He received his primary education at a local school in Plonsk, then entered Warsaw University and then Istanbul University, where he received his diploma and postgraduate studies.
During his studies he joined the Party of Jewish Social Democratic Workers and participated in several revolutions. He was also arrested twice during the Russian Revolution of 1905. He also co-founded a youth club called “Ezra” with two of his friends to promote Jewish studies and emigration to the Holy Land.
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David Ben-Gurion came from a well organized and politically connected family from Plonsk, Congress Poland, the Russian Empire. He has Congressional citizenship from Poland, the Ottoman Empire, Mandatory Palestine, and Israel.
His father was Avigdor Grun, a lawyer by profession, and also one of the main leaders of the Hovevei Zion movement. His mother’s name was Sheindel Gurion, she died when David was only 11 years old.
According to records, he also had two brothers, but both died before reaching adulthood. David Ben-Gurion’s marital status was married. He married Paul Moonweiss in 1917. The couple had three children, his son named Amos Gurion and his daughters named Geula Ben Eliezer and Renana Leshem. His son married Mary Callow and they also had three children and six grandchildren. His son worked as a deputy inspector for the Israeli police.
David Ben-Gurion was a handsome man with an attractive and dignified character. He was 5 feet 8 inches tall and weighed approximately 85 kg. He had dyed white hair with a bald head and beautiful blue eyes.
David Ben-Gurion began his revolutionary career in 1905. He joined the Jewish Social Democratic Labor Party and participated in the Russian Revolution of 1905. In 1906 he moved to the Ottoman Mutassarifat in Jerusalem, where he became chairman of the Poalei committee. he Zion platform in Jaffa.
The following year he moved to Galilee and worked there as a farm laborer. In 1908 he joined a group of armed guards and fought during a robbery in which two people were killed. In 1912 he moved to Constantinople, where he graduated from the Istanbul University Faculty of Law.
Later in 1917, during World War I, he joined the British Army’s Jewish Legion. In 1920 he supported his friend in the creation of a federation of Zionist workers in Palestine called the Histadrut and became the general secretary of the federation.
He also published two volumes in which he expressed his views on the relationship between the Zionists and the Arab world. One of them, We and Our Neighbors, was published in 1931 and the other, My Conversations with Arab Leaders, was published in 1967.
On May 14, 1948, he declared the independence of the State of Israel. He also directed Israeli military operations during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and was elected the first prime minister of independent Israel. In 1953, David refused to participate in the government and left the post of Prime Minister of Israel. In 1955 he returned to government and became Minister of Defense of the State of Israel.
In 1963 he resigned from all his positions and in 1970 he retired from political life and moved to the Negev desert, where he spent the rest of his life until his death.
David Ben-Gurion has received various awards and recognitions throughout his career and even after his death. In 1949 he received the Solomon Bublik Prize from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He also received the Bialik Prize for Jewish Thought in 1951 and 1971.
Israel’s largest airport and one of the largest universities are named after him. Several streets, schools and institutions are named after him and his portrait also appears on the first 500 and 50 notes issued by the Israeli government.
David Ben-Gurion died on December 1, 1973 at Sheba Medical Center in Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan. On November 18, 1973, he was diagnosed with a cerebral hemorrhage and his condition subsequently worsened. His remains were buried at Midreshet Ben Gurion along with his wife Paula Gurion.