At What Point Do You Use Et Al?

When do you use et al?

Writers sometimes use the last name of the first author followed by et al at the first mention of a work that has three, four, or five authors. Only if the work has six or more authors, the first citation in the text must be the first author followed by et al. 04

When to use APA et al style?

APA style. To cite in an APA style text, if the source has two authors, credit both. If there are three or more authors, list the first author followed by “et al.” The APA discourages the use of “et al.” in the link list.

How to cite more than 3 authors in APA?

Work of three or more authors.

Include only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless it creates ambiguity between different sources. B etc and must not be followed by a period. Only after all should a point follow.

When should you use et al in your text?

The abbreviation “et al” (meaning “and others”) is used to abbreviate in-text citations by three or more authors. Here’s how it works: include only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.”, a comma, and, for example, the year of publication (Taylor et al., 2018).

When should Harvard et al be used?

For articles with four or more authors/editors, the abbreviation et al. should be used after the name of the first author. Also acceptable to et al. after the first author if the work has three authors.

How many authors do you list before et al?

Only if the work has six or more authors, the first citation in the text must be the first author followed by et al. If there are five or fewer authors, the names of all authors should be listed first.

Is there a comma before et al in APA?

You can find a complete and official description of the APA style format here. If the author’s name is cited in the text, the date of the citation is indicated in parentheses. … If there are six or more authors, use only the first author’s name, etc., and place a comma before the date.

How to cite more than 7 authors in APA?

More than seven authors

List by last name and initials with commas to separate the names of the authors. After the name of the sixth author, use an ellipsis in place of the authors’ names. Then provide the name of the final author. The names should not be more than seven.

Does the APA have a comma before et al?

You can find a complete and official description of the APA style format here. If the author’s name is cited in the text, the date of the citation is indicated in parentheses. … If there are six or more authors, use only the first author’s name, etc., and place a comma before the date.

Put a comma after et al?

The expression et al., from the Latin et alii, which means literal and so on, must always be written with a space between the two words and a period after the l (because al. is an abbreviation). The comma is not placed after the abbreviation unless the grammar of the sentence requires it.

Why is it used etc?

One of them is the Latin phrase et al., short for “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations in order to shorten and simplify repeated references.

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